Queen Mary Kendo Club

Exercises

keiko – 稽古 – training with a partner

kirikaeshi – a set sequence of large cuts to be performed in a smooth manner to the rhythm of your heartbeat, often used as a warm-up or warm-down exercise; the most common form is: men, tsubazeriai, yokomen forwards (left, right, left, right), yokomen backwards (left, right, left, right, left), repeat all the above and then finish with men

mawarigeiko – practice where partners are changed by rotating the group anticlockwise, often with the most senior member fixed at the corner furthest away from the door

motodachigeiko – practice where one side (acting as motodachi) controls what the other side does

uchikomigeiko – practice where the motodachi shows openings for cuts; the cutting side must not cut if no opening has been shown

kakarigeiko – practice where the cutting side must actively create an opening to cut by breaking the centre of the motodachi

Note: Both uchikomigeiko and kakarigeiko should be completed with high energy and spirit throughout, without any break in kiai.

wazageiko – practising techniques (waza) as set by the teacher

yakusokugeiko – practising a preset, or literally “promised” (yakusoku), sequence of techniques

butsugarigeiko – commonly practised yakusokugeiko: men, hiki men, men, hiki kote, men, hiki do, men (sometimes the final men is replaced with kote-men)

jigeiko – literally “free practice”; this is a chance to practice the techniques taught during the session in an unexpected scenario

tachiai – a fight, often done as a demonstration by seniors to juniors

hikitategeiko – practice where a senior kendoka guides a junior

gokakugeiko – practice where both kendoka are of approximately the same level

shiaigeiko – practice in the setting of a competition (shiai)

kangeiko – winter practice, usually arranged over several consecutive days as an intensive training course

shochugeiko – summer practice

asageiko – morning practice

mitorigeiko – practice by watching others train

suburi – 素振り – repetitive cutting exercises done without a partner

hayasuburi (aka choyaku showmen uchi) – rapid, rhythmic cuts where you cut stepping forward and return to jodan stepping backward; both feet should move with each step

jogeburi – warm-up cuts to loosen the shoulders, with backward swings that touch in between the buttocks and forward swings that come down to the knee without overextending the wrist joints

zenshin-kotai suburi – alternating cuts going forward and backward

shomen suburi – men cuts going forward only; return to chudan on the step going backward

sayumen suburi – cuts to the temples of the head

sonkyo suburi – cuts performed from a crouching position

naname suburi – this is often performed with hiraki ashi with sidewards steps made to cut diagonally through an imaginary opponent

katate suburi – one handed cutting

morotte suburi – two handed cutting

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